Monday, 2 March 2015

What's Right (and Wrong) With Google's YouTube Kids App

When I was little, I logged a lot of time basking in the glow of a cathode ray tube. When my kids were small, they absorbed Disney DVDs on our HDTV. Today, youngsters watch YouTube on their phones and tablets.  
The viral video site has become a massively popular destination for very young children. Videos on YouTube’s Sesame Street channel alone have been viewed nearly 1.8 billion times.
What's Right (and Wrong) With Google's YouTube Kids App
(Google)
The problem? While there’s a ton of kid-friendly content on YouTube, there’s also a lot that isn’t. It’s still pretty easy for kids under age 13 to create adult accounts and watch potty-mouthed gaming and sexy booty shake videos — or, more terrifyingly, upload their own.
Related: 10 Ways to Make YouTube Safer for Your Kids
So Google has created YouTube Kids, a free app that debuted in the Play and Apple iTunes stores last week. With YouTube Kids, all of the content is curated to ensure that it’s safe for kids age 4 and up. The app also adds basic parental controls that let you limit what kids can search for and how long they can watch. 
YouTube Kids is pretty good. But it’s far from fully baked. And if you’re hoping it will keep your little ones from being exposed to advertising and digital marketing, I’ve got some bad news for you.

What’s the apps?

YouTube Kids is clean and well-organized, with a pleasingly simple home screen that’s divided into four primary areas.
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There’s Shows, a lineup of kid-friendly channels; Music, which ranges from nursery rhymes and Disney to classical; and Learning, which consists of roughly three dozen educational channels. Finally there’s Explore, which includes user-uploaded videos about things like cooking, cats, and puppies, as well as branded channels from Legos, Playdough, and other toymakers – complete with TV-style commercials.
Once your kids start watching videos, a heart icon appears on the screen. It shows that there are recommended new videos based on the ones your kids have already watched. Once they watch one video, the next one starts playing automatically.
Overall, the range and depth of the content is impressive. There’s a ton of stuff from Sesame Street, including old-school clips from the 1970s (like Paul Simon singing “Me and Julio” with a handful of kids who have their own lyrics to contribute).
You’ll see a lot of other familiar characters among the 100+ channels, like Thomas the Tank Engine, Barney, Barbar, a smattering of Peanuts, some Disney, Yo Gabba Gabba, and others.
The educational lineup is particularly strong. You can dial up videos from Reading Rainbow, PBS Kids, Speakaboos, National Geographic Kids, Kahn Academy, and TED-Ed.
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The latter combines brief TED Youth lectures with clever animation to address such questions as why blue whales are so large, how feathers evolved, and why elephants never forget. You may find yourself watching these after your kid goes to bed.
Beyond that, your kids can search YouTube’s vast archives either by typing or using voice commands. The archives have been filtered to remove anything that isn’t family friendly. If they try to search for non G-rated materials, they are greeted with the following:
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I cannot say for certain YouTube Kids’ filters are foolproof, but they are a heck of a lot better than the bare-bones tools you’ll find on the grown-up Web site. And if you’re still concerned about what they might find, you can limit them to watching just the channels already offered inside the app.

You are in control… sort of

One of YTK’s key selling points is that it offers better parental controls than the Web site. That’s true, but they’re still pretty minimal. You can turn off background music and the irritating sound effects (which kids will probably enjoy). And you can turn off search, which limits kids to selecting only from the channels presented on the main screen. 
You can also set a timer to turn the app off after a set amount of time – the default is 30 minutes, the maximum is two hours. Kids receive a two-minute warning when time’s about to run out, and then the app takes a well-deserved nap.
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I think this is the feature parents will appreciate most, but it’s not all the way done: The timer is off by default, and you can’t tell the app to only run during certain times, like only after school or never after 8 PM. 
Getting to the apps’s settings, though, is a little odd. You tap the padlock icon in the lower right corner of the app, which brings up a key entry pad titled “Grown Ups Only!” (Like that’s going to keep anyone out.)
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To reach the controls, adults must punch the numbers of the four-digit code that’s spelled out above the keypad. (The code changes each time you tap the lock.) The problem? Once kids get past kindergarten, the odds of them being able to read that code – or convince a slightly older sibling to enter it for them — increase significantly. It’s a child-safety cap that almost any child will be able to unscrew.
Once the kids are in, the worst that can happen is they turn off the timer or turn on search. Still, the security here is pretty lame, and other parental control features are scant. For example, you can delete the viewing history, but you can’t actually see which videos your kid watched. So unless you’re hovering over their shoulders, you don’t know whether your kids spent all their time diving into science and math videos at TED-Ed or gorged on the insipid adventures of Strawberry Shortcake.
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I also could find no way to block particular channels – if, say, you don’t want your kids watching commercials for Playdough’s My Little Pony toy, for example – and no way to turn off autoplay.
The app appears to be utterly separate from YouTube.com, which means you can’t transfer channels or videos from one to the other. If you’ve spent time carefully curating content for your kids on the Web, you choices won’t carry over to the app, or vice versa.

When ads subtract

There’s no question that using YouTube Kids is a better option than letting young kids loose on YouTube.com. The curated content and the timer alone are worth it.
The question is how much advertising they’ll be exposed to in the process. I scanned a few dozen videos, and nearly all of them were ad free – with the exception of the branded channels and some of the user-uploaded videos in the Explore section. Many of those ads are virtually indistinguishable from other content. Young kids certainly won’t know the difference.
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According to the FTC, kids age 2 to 11 watch more than 25,000 TV commercials every year. YouTube Kids is a lot better than that, but you’ll still want to keep an eye on what your wee ones are watching in this app.
“You need to make careful choices in what you select for your kids,” notes Jim Steyer, founder and CEO of Common Sense Media, which reviewed YouTube Kids and gave it largely positive marks. “The point we always make to our friends at YouTube and Google is always be careful about advertising to kids, who are less able to differentiate between content and ads. We need to hold them to the highest standards of appropriateness.